The Collaborative Behaviours

SWA partners have identified Four Collaborative Behaviours that, if adopted by both countries and their partners, can improve the way that they work together to improve the long-term sector performance needed to deliver sanitation, hygiene and water for all, everywhere and forever.

SWA puts the Collaborative Behaviours at the heart of the partnership’s activities and processes. Indicators for each of the Behaviours for different countries can be found in the Country Profiles (see below). These will enable partners to track performance, and hold each other accountable for progress towards more effective, sustainable and equitable outcomes.

Key documents and resources

SWA partners agree to:


1. Enhance government leadership of sector planning processes

Government leadership is essential for directing and coordinating resources – including external support – around nationally agreed sector priorities, strategies and plans.

In particular, sector development requires a government-led, multi-stakeholder cycle of planning, monitoring, and learning. Where such sector planning processes are weak or not in place, partners should jointly support efforts to build and strengthen them.

[wpdm_hotlink id=793 link_label=”More information”]

2. Strengthen and use country systems

Core country systems are the fundamental capabilities the effective and transparent management of public resources, including those received through development assistance. These systems include public financial management, HR management, statistics, procurement and contract management.

Core country systems are key to financing expenditures for water and sanitation services as well as for monitoring and regulating services. Government and partners should agree a set of intermediate steps to progressively strengthen and use country systems to develop, monitor and regulate water and sanitation services.

[wpdm_hotlink id=794 link_label=”More information”]

3. Use one information and mutual accountability platform

In order to decide where to invest, how to sustain and improve water and sanitation services and to understand which policies and strategies work, it is crucial that sectors have reliable data and engage in critical joint reflection and adaptive management.

Effective development cooperation requires appropriate, inclusive processes that encourage all partners to demonstrate and demand mutual accountability for sector progress.

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4. Build sustainable water and sanitation sector financing strategies

Transparency and predictability of all resources is critical in allowing governments to exercise a leadership role in directing and monitoring sector investment.

Sector financing strategies that incorporate financial data on all 3Ts (taxes, tariffs and transfers), as well as estimates for non-tariff household expenditure, and realistic estimates for all costs categories (including costs for building new WASH infrastructure and costs for governance and sector capacity strengthening), are critical components of effective sector planning in the medium and longer term. They are critical both to domestic accountability, and to the governments’ capacity to hold external support agencies accountable and vice versa.

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Applying the Behaviours

In applying the Collaborative Behaviours, SWA provides a platform for:

– Discussion of aid and development effectiveness, familiarizing SWA partners with concepts, terminology and good practice so that all partners have the confidence to improve the efficiency, effectiveness and economy of domestic and aid sources of finance for WASH.

– Peer monitoring of development effectiveness, including the use of resources, to help governments and development partners better understand the situation in each country and to propose specific solutions in each case.

– Dialogue on constraints identified within partner organizations to the adoption of the behaviours.

– Encouragement and support to countries in documenting their journeys towards greater development impact and sharing experiences.

Ultimately, achieving these Collaborative Behaviours requires changes in approach and risk taking by individual SWA partners. Commitment of stakeholders throughout the sector to do things better and differently is a critical.

CB profile

The Collaborative Behaviours Country Profiles

Based on publicly available data, the Country Profiles provide an overview of how both the government and development partners are applying the Behaviours. Information regarding the government and development partners is presented side-by-side to highlight areas of success and to encourage mutual accountability. The 2018 Country Profiles are the first round of profiles for the Collaborative Behaviours and they may be further refined moving forward.

The World Health Organization (WHO), through the UN-Water Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking-Water (GLAAS), led the monitoring of the Behaviours in 2016-2017.

These country profiles have been produced by SWA partners, including representatives from countries, external support agencies (including donors and multi-lateral organizations), civil society, and research and learning institutions.

Download brochure “[wpdm_hotlink id=1201 link_label=”How to use the Collaborative Behaviours Country Profiles”]” (Spanish version – [wpdm_hotlink id=1202 link_label=”Version en español”])

[wpdm_hotlink id=1159 link_label=”Afghanistan”] [wpdm_hotlink id=1139 link_label=”Guinea”] [wpdm_hotlink id=1145 link_label=”Mongolia”] [wpdm_hotlink id=1153 link_label=”Swaziland”]
[wpdm_hotlink id=1160 link_label=”Bangladesh”] [wpdm_hotlink id=1163 link_label=”Haiti”] [wpdm_hotlink id=1167 link_label=”Mozambique”] [wpdm_hotlink id=1154 link_label=”Tanzania”]
[wpdm_hotlink id=1170 link_label=”Bhutan”] [wpdm_hotlink id=1140 link_label=”Kenya”] [wpdm_hotlink id=1169 link_label=”Nigeria”] [wpdm_hotlink id=1155 link_label=”Timor-Leste”]
[wpdm_hotlink id=1134 link_label=”Brazil”] [wpdm_hotlink id=1164 link_label=”Lao”] [wpdm_hotlink id=1146 link_label=”Nepal”] [wpdm_hotlink id=1156 link_label=”Viet Nam”]
[wpdm_hotlink id=1161 link_label=”Burkina Faso”] [wpdm_hotlink id=1141 link_label=”Lesotho”] [wpdm_hotlink id=1147 link_label=”Pakistan”] [wpdm_hotlink id=1157 link_label=”West Bank and Gaza Strip”]
[wpdm_hotlink id=1135 link_label=”Burundi”] [wpdm_hotlink id=1165 link_label=”Liberia”] [wpdm_hotlink id=1148 link_label=”Paraguay”] [wpdm_hotlink id=1158 link_label=”Zambia”]
[wpdm_hotlink id=1136 link_label=”China”] [wpdm_hotlink id=1142 link_label=”Madagascar”] [wpdm_hotlink id=1149 link_label=”Peru”] [wpdm_hotlink id=1168 link_label=”Zimbabwe”]
[wpdm_hotlink id=1137 link_label=”Costa Rica”] [wpdm_hotlink id=1143 link_label=”Maldives”] [wpdm_hotlink id=1150 link_label=”Rwanda”]
[wpdm_hotlink id=1138 link_label=”Cote d’Ivoire”] [wpdm_hotlink id=1166 link_label=”Mali”] [wpdm_hotlink id=1151 link_label=”Senegal”]
[wpdm_hotlink id=1162 link_label=”Ethiopia”] [wpdm_hotlink id=1144 link_label=”Mexico”] [wpdm_hotlink id=1152 link_label=”South Africa”]